1. Field and Equipment:

    • The game is played on a rectangular field, usually between 100-110 meters (110-120 yards) in length and 64-75 meters (70-80 yards) in width.
    • The field is marked with boundary lines, including sidelines and goal lines.
    • Two goals are placed at the center of each goal line, consisting of two upright posts and a crossbar.
    • Each team has a designated half of the field for attacking and defending, and there is a center circle at the midpoint of the field.
  2. Team Composition:

    • Each team consists of 11 players, including one goalkeeper and ten outfield players.
    • The goalkeeper’s primary role is to defend the goal and prevent the opposing team from scoring.
  3. Starting the Game:

    • The game begins with a coin toss to determine which team gets the first kick-off and which end they will attack.
    • The team winning the toss decides whether to kick-off or which end they want to attack.
  4. Kick-off:

    • The game starts with a kick-off from the center circle.
    • The ball must move forward at the kick-off, and all players from the opposing team must be outside the center circle until the ball is in play.
  5. Scoring:

    • A goal is scored when the entire ball crosses the goal line between the goalposts and under the crossbar.
    • Each goal is worth one point, and the team with the most goals at the end of the match wins.
  6. Offside Rule:

    • A player is considered offside if they are nearer to their opponent’s goal line than both the ball and the second-to-last defender when the ball is played to them.
    • Being in an offside position is not an offense itself, but a player in an offside position becomes active and can be penalized if they gain an advantage from that position.
  7. Fouls and Free-kicks:

    • Fouls occur when a player commits an illegal action against an opponent, such as tripping, pushing, or using excessive force.
    • The fouled team is awarded a free-kick from the spot of the foul, except if it happens in the opponent’s penalty area, where a penalty kick is awarded instead.
  8. Yellow and Red Cards:

    • The referee may show a yellow card to caution a player for unsporting behavior or a serious foul.
    • A red card is shown for more severe offenses, resulting in the player’s ejection from the game.
    • A team playing with fewer than 11 players due to red cards must continue with the remaining players.
  9. Throw-ins:

    • When the ball goes out of play over the sidelines, a throw-in is awarded to the opposing team from where the ball went out.
    • The thrower must use both hands and keep both feet on the ground during the throw-in.
  10. Goal Kicks and Corner Kicks:

  • When the ball goes out of play over the goal line after last being touched by an attacking player, a goal kick is awarded to the defending team.
  • The goalkeeper takes the goal kick, and all opponents must be outside the penalty area until the ball is in play.
  • When the ball goes out of play over the goal line after last being touched by a defending player, a corner kick is awarded to the attacking team.
  • The corner kick is taken from the corner arc nearest to where the ball went out of play.
  1. Penalty Kicks:
  • A penalty kick is awarded when a foul is committed by a defending player inside their own penalty area.
  • The ball is placed on the penalty spot, and only the goalkeeper is allowed to defend the goal.
  • The player taking the penalty kick must kick the ball forward, and the goal is valid if the ball crosses the goal line.
  1. Duration of the Game:
  • A standard football game consists of two halves, each lasting 45 minutes, with a 15-minute halftime break.
  • The referee may add extra time at the end of each half for stoppages and injuries.

These are the fundamental rules of football. While these rules form the core of the game, it’s important to note that variations and additional regulations may exist in different leagues or competitions. The laws of the game are maintained and updated by the International Football Association Board (IFAB).

Certainly! Here are some additional rules of football (soccer) beyond the 12 basic rules already mentioned, presented in detail with sub-points:

  1. Substitutions:
  • Each team is allowed a certain number of substitutions during a match to replace players.
  • Substitutions can typically be made during stoppages in play or at halftime.
  • The number of substitutions allowed may vary depending on the competition or league.
  1. Injury Time (Added Time):
  • The referee may add extra time at the end of each half to compensate for time lost due to injuries, substitutions, or other stoppages.
  • Injury time is commonly referred to as “stoppage time” or “added time.”
  1. Ball in and out of Play:
  • The ball is in play during the entire match unless it completely crosses the goal line or touchlines, goes out of play due to stoppages, or the referee stops play.
  • The ball is considered out of play when it has wholly crossed the goal line or touchlines, either on the ground or in the air.
  1. Handball:
  • Players, excluding the goalkeeper, are not allowed to handle the ball intentionally.
  • If a player handles the ball deliberately, a free-kick or penalty kick is awarded to the opposing team, depending on the location of the offense.
  1. Misconduct:
  • Players can be cautioned with a yellow card or sent off with a red card for various offenses, such as unsporting behavior, dissent, persistent fouling, violent conduct, etc.
  • Accumulating two yellow cards in the same match results in a red card (sending off).
  1. Dropped Ball:
  • The referee restarts the game with a dropped ball if play is stopped for reasons other than fouls, injuries, or the ball going out of play.
  • The ball is dropped to the ground, and a player from each team competes for possession.
  1. Advantage Rule:
  • The referee may choose to apply the advantage rule when a team that has been fouled or infringed upon would benefit more by playing on than by stopping the play to award a free-kick or penalty.
  1. Throw-in Procedure:
  • The thrower must have both feet on or behind the touchline and use both hands to deliver the ball.
  • The thrower must release the ball from behind and over their head while maintaining contact with both feet on the ground.
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